It doesn’t matter how expensive the bike you have, you can always encounter flat tires on time to time. Sometimes a flat tire can be a hassle when you are in the middle of nowhere. Changing the flat tires is an easy skill that you can learn to replace the tire from your own quickly. Generally, changing the tires means replacing the inner tube of the wheel.
As you said, replacing the bike tire is not that hard. Even you can do it without any assistance. In today’s article, we will let you know how to change a road bike tire in some easy steps. Keep reading the next pieces of paragraphs with proper concentration to know the procedure.
Gather the required things
For changing the bike tire, you will need to gather some of the components for working. Most of the tools should be available in your house. If not, you can buy them from the hardware shops. Here are the tools that you need to gather for work.
- New Tire
- New Tubes (Make sure to choose the correct version of the tube).
- Tire air pump.
- Screwdriver (flat head) or Tire lever.
- Steel or Plastic Putty Knife (optional).
- 16mm Wrench
While buying the new tires, makes sure to choose the correct size. Usually, the new bikes arrive with 700c tires. However, the old bikes have 27-inch tires mostly. Typically, the height and size of the tire are printed on the product directly. Give a double check on the tire size to ensure you are buying the right product.
Positioning the bike
You will require to take the wheel off from the bike to work with it. You cannot remove the wheels the bike is in an upright position. You can set the bike on its side to avoid falling. Make sure that the chain side of the driving side of the bike is facing up to prevent any damage.
More so, you can also put the bike in an upside-down position on its handlebar. Some people don’t recommend this position as it can damage the seat and the handlebar. You can also position the bike on a bike stand that you can buy from the bicycle stores.
Take off the wheel
If you are working with the back wheel, then make sure to adjust the gears to the smallest ring. Doing so will make it more comfortable for you to work with the wheel. You will not require any adjustment if you are working with the front wheel. Now give a closer look at the center hub of the wheel to find out whether it is a quick-release lever or the bolt.
If it is a quick-release wheel, then the procedure of removing will be easier for you. Find out the quick release lever of the wheel and then start pulling it up and turn it at 180-degrees for loosening it. After doing this, the lever from the axle should be removed. If you failed to remove the axle in this way, then you better check the user manual that arrives with the bike.
Removing the wheel supported by the bolt can be a little bit tricky. You will require a wrench (usually 15mm wrenches) for this purpose. Position the wrench on the nut and start loosening by turning. Keep turning the nut until it is removed from the hub. You will need to remove the nuts from both sides of the wheel hub. Sometimes, the nut can become very hard to remove. In such situations, you can use cooking spray or WD-40 to loosen the nut.
If the bike arrives with a quick-release wheel, then you may also need to remove the brake cables. You can simply squeeze the calipers to release the brake cord. For a better understanding, you can follow the recommended guideline in the user manual of the bike for this procedure.
Now you should be able to lift off the wheel from the frame. Sometimes, you may require shifting the tire a little bit while removing the brake. If you are working with the back wheel, then you will need to remove the chain at first before to remove the wheel.
Remove the tire
Now we will remove the tire from the wheel. Start with deflating the tire by loosening the cap on the air valve. If the tire arrives with different types of air-valve, then use the required or recommended technique to remove the air. Such as if the bike comes with the Schrader valve, then you will need a small tool just like the wrench to press the plunger inside the valve to release the air. For the Presta valve, you can simply remove the cap to release the air.
Now we will remove the tire. For doing so, start with hooking the tire with a flat head screwdriver or the rounded edge of the tire lever from the outer edge of the tire. Then you will need to pull over the opposite end of the lever toward the spoke. Then hook other ends of the lever on the wheel spoke to keep the tire popped in. You need to do this as the tire can go back at its place and reseal.
Now attach the second tire lever close to the first one and starting pressing up the tire. Keep doing this in the clockwise motion. Cover the entire tire following the way. Now you will be able to bring out the inner tube. Use your fingers to reach the inner tube and grab the tire to slide it out. Take the air valve out by pushing it through the hole of the frame.
Insert the new bicycle tube
Before installing the new bicycle tube, you will need to pump it a little bit to bring it in shape. It will also help to avoid twisting, bending, or pinching while installing the tube. Start with removing the dust cap, air valve, and lock ring. Then inflate air in the tire.
Before putting the inner tube, there is one more thing to do. Give a careful look at the tire to find out if there is a puncture in the inside wall. Sometimes, the punctures are caused by sharp objects such as nail, piece of glass, thorn, or stone. If you find something like this, then you must remove it to patch the tire. Installing a new tire with a puncture in the sidewalls will flatten the tube again.
Place the tube
Now put back the new tube inside the tire by pressing it into using the fingers. As you put the tube, it should get the shape of the tire. Be assured that there are no kinks, twists, or bends in the tube. The entire tube should go inside the tire. If you find it hard to put the tire inside, then redo the procedure. You might require letting some air go before doing so.
Now put back the air valve in its hole and also align the outer rim aside with the wheel. Then push back the rim in its place in the wheel frame. There should be an arrow on the tire, letting you know on which direction you should tread the tire. If you didn’t see any arrays on the tire, then simply thread it is forward-facing. Note that you shouldn’t use any tools while replacing the tire as it can cause damage or puncture.
Now push back the outer tire on its place using your finger. Do this for the entire tire. While doing so, be assured there are no knots on the tire as it can damage the tire by causing pinch and twist. You may require using the lever for this procedure. Be careful if you are using the lever as it can cause damage to the inner tube.
Some wheels arrive with a locking ring for the air valve, which helps to keep the lid secured in its place. If there is a lock ring for the air valve, then put it back and tighten it. If there is no such thing on your bike, then you can simply skip this part.
Inflate the tire and check it
You are almost done. Inflate the tire using the pump. Make sure to maintain the correct pressure level. You can use either the manual or the electric pumper for this purpose. Simply fit the pump hose on the air valve of the tube and then put up the airs. As soon as the tire reaches the required pressure level, stop air supply, and put the air valve back on its place. The right air pressure level should be mentioned on the tire wall.
Now you will need to slide the wheel back in the bike and reconnect it. Simply position the wheel on the forked slot of the bike which holds the bike. Then put back the quick release lever or the nuts. You can use the wrench to tighten it if required. As you complete doing it, now you will also be able to put back the chain in its location.
If you detached the calipers back if you have removed it. Check it by squeezing the brake to be assured that they are tightened on the wheel. You can go for a test ride to check whether or not everything is working correctly.
How to Maintain the Bike Tire
There is no way out there to stop the bike tires from puncturing for good. However, here are some tips that may help to prolong the life of the bike tire.
Clean the tires on a regular basis. The sticky dust, dirt, grease, etc. on the surface of the tire can lessen its life. You can simply get rid of the increase in the lifespan of the cycle. Cleaning the bicycle regularly not only removes the things but also offers a refreshing look to the bike.
You can use a rag and some warm water to get rid of the dirt particles that are stuck on the wheel. However, be careful if you are going to hose as a powerful water jet can damage the tire.
Always maintain the correct air pressure of the bike. It is one of the top reasons behind the tire puncture. Especially, when the tire has low pressure in the wheel, it comes closer to more surfaces, and that can cause the rims and puncture the inner tube.
Extra power on the bike can cause an instant puncture in the inner tube. You can invest for a gauge to be assured about how much pressure you are putting on the bike.
Different bike tires are made for different terrains. Such as the road bike tires can perform well in the paved roads. The off-road tires can perform well in the off-roads and rough terrains. You should use the right tire, depending on the ground you are riding. Using the wrong tire can cause quick and frequent tire punctures.
Bicycling is becoming more and more popular nowadays. The medium of transportation is not only eco-friendly but also cheap and helpful for physical and mental health. If you own a bicycle and often rides it, then you should know how to change a road bike tire so that you can quickly get rid of the hassle whenever it occurs.