How to Fix a Puncture on a Bike

It doesn’t matter how durable your tires are, once in a while you will encounter puncture with your bike. So, if you own a bike, you must know how to fix a puncture on a bike. It is an easy skill which will help you to save the cost as well as the times you need to go to the mechanic to get rid of the puncture.

Today, we will let you know the proper way of fixing a punctured bike in the easiest way with step by step guidelines. Keep reading this article to know-how.

How to Fix a Puncture on a Bike without a Repair Kit

Learning how to fix a puncture on a road bike will help you to ride without any worries from the next time. Here is the step by step guides that you will need to follow to solve the puncture on your bike.

Things You Will Require:

  • Tire Lever
  • Tire inflator
  • Patch kit / Inner Tube

Take Out The Chain

Take off the chain from your bike. Without removing the chain, you cant remove the wheel. It will offer you enough space to work with ease and comfort. To remove the chain, put the bike in an upside-down position.

Then push the chain to the side with your one hand and pedal the bike using the opposite hand. Gradually, the chain will come off. Do this step carefully, as it is risky, and you may end up injuring yourself by the chain spokes.

Take Out The Wheel

The first thing you will need to do is to take out the wheel from your bike. It needs to be done to find out the puncture and work smoothly to fix it. Some people may say to you that you can repair bike punctures without removing the wheel. You may do so, but as a beginner, the procedure will be very complicated for you.

To take out the wheel, start with unscrewing the bolts in the center of the wheel that connects it with the bike. Use a wrench for doing so. If it is a quick-release wheel, then simply unscrew the quick release bolts. Now take the bike off from the bike.

Separate The Tire From The Inner Tube

Separating the tire from the tube is a little bit complex for the beginner. However, it should become easier if you follow the description, as we said. Take the wheel and give a closer look at it. You will need something to dig the tire from the tube. You can use two flat-headed screwdrivers for doing so.

Be patience while doing so. Start from one end, and keep digging until you come away, complete the whole circle. Now, it should be easier to remove the tires from the inner tube. 

Before moving forward to the next step, give a closure look to the rim strip. The rim strip is the part of the wheel which protects the inner tube from the rim itself. If the rim strip is cheaply built, then it may be the reason for frequent punctures. Replace the rim strips if you think it should be.

Find The Puncture

A single tiny spot usually causes the puncture of the bike. Sometimes it will be so small that you will not even notice it with normal eyes. However, there is an easy way to detect the puncture. Fill a bucket with water and submerge the tire in the water.

Put a little pressure on the tire and see whether or not there are any air bubbles. Move the whole tire in the water as there can be multiple holes. Mark the place where the bubble is coming out. That is where the puncture is caused.

You can use chalk to mark the puncture or a tape. Else, it may become hard for you to locate the exact place later.

Fix The Puncture

Now it’s the time to fix the leak. You will require a patch for doing so. We will suggest you use the patches that arrive with self-adhesive properties. You will need to place the patch on the punctured area to stop air from getting away.

If you own a patch that is not self-adhesive, then you can just use some glues to stick it on the hole. In such cases, put the glue on the puncture and then place the patch.

Put The Tube Back

Let the path dry for a while. You can put the inner tube back on its place back if the patch is fully dried. Here is how you will do it – find the hole for the valve in the rim and attach the valve into it. Then you will need to tuck the tube gradually into the rim.

Put The Tire Back

After putting back the inner tube, now you will need to put the tire back at its place. Here is how to do it – at first, position the tire on the tube and then start tucking it. You will need to use the flat-headed screwdrivers. Start from one side and move forward the whole circle gradually. 

Inflate The Tire

Now inflate the tire. Then check whether the air is staying inside or coming out. If there is no air coming out, then you have successfully fixed the puncture. If the air is still escaping, then there are still some punctures remained in the tube. It can also be caused by wrongly placed patch or cheap quality glues. Follow the whole procedure again to fix the remaining punctures.

Reconnect the wheel with the bike

If everything seems perfect, place the wheel back on the bike. Position the wheel on its place and tighten the nuts using the wrench. Then put the chain back on its site carefully. Inflate the tube again if you feel it need some more pressure. Now go for a test ride to be assured whether you have done everything righteously or not. 

What Causes Punctures

There are a variety of reasons which cause tire punctures in your bike. Below, we will let you know some of the top causes of the leak:

  • Most of the tires puncture because of small and sharp objects from the road. It can be a stone, glass, thorn, or flint. These sharp things poke through the rubber and go up to the inner tube to cause a puncture. Most of the time, they stay in the tire even after puncturing. So if you are don’t locate and remove the thing, it will cause the puncture again.
  • Old tires are also a reason for the puncture in your bike. As the tires are a consumable item, they don’t last forever. Unless you have expensive high-end tires on your bike, you will need to replace the tire within six months to a year on average. The lifespan of the tire also depends on the condition of your path.

If you find any little or big tears on the bike, then it means you should replace the tire. As soon as you equip new tires, you will notice drops in the number of punctures significantly. New tires also ensure a comfortable ride.

  • The incorrect installation of the bike tire also causes punctures. When the tire is installed in the wrong way or quickly. While installing a tire, make sure that you are following the installation guideline in the user manual..
  • Another common reason for tire puncture is the inaccurate pressure level on the tire. If the tire is under-inflated, then it will deform on every obstacle on the road. That means there will be more pressure on the tube and gradually cause a puncture.

Moreover, if you put too much air on the tire and then it will find it hard to deform while encountering a smaller and sharp object, which will cause an instant puncture to your tire and inner tube.

  • The incorrect installation of the brake can also cause tire puncture. Especially if you are rim brake, if the brake pads sit on the tires instead of the rim, then there is a possibility of leaks. It may not cause any instant reaction but will damage the tire in the long run and eventually cause the puncture.
  • Sometimes the types of the path can also be the reason for a puncture, as we mentioned earlier. Typically, if you drive on the bumpy roads filled with small stones, and other objects, you will frequently encounter the punctures. As an example, you will notice such substances on the edge of the roads, avoid riding in such areas.

How To Prevent Tire Puncture

Here are some tips that may save you from the upcoming puncture waiting for you:

  • Avoid areas such as construction sites, road repairs, and other working areas. There can be smaller and sharp substances like glass, wire, nails, etc. waiting for you to cause a puncture on your tire.
  • Weekly maintenance of the tires can increase their lifespan. Give a closer look at the tire and check whether there are any weak tread or sidewall sots. They can be the prior signs of a puncture.
  • Spray tire sealant whenever attaches a new tire on the bike. As the name suggests, it may develop a seal on the whole tire to prevent damages and causing punctures.
  • You can also put the puncture-resistant strips on your new tires while attaching them. It is usually applied inside the thread belt of the tires and ensures a firmer stuck with the rim with adhesive.
  • One of the new innovations of technology is puncture-resistant tires. They may be costly but can stay damage-free for a long time. You can give them a try if you have enough budgets and tired of changing punctured tires.

Imagine yourself in the middle of nowhere stuck with a puncture on your bike. Nothing can be more frustrating than this. Knowing how to fix a puncture on a bike will help you to quickly get rid of the puncture and keep going on your way. We hope the above guidelines will help you to fix punctures from your own from now on.

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